A new 2015 international children’s meals survey of 387 popular kid’s meal combinations carried out by World Action on Salt and Health (WASH) reveals that children are being served worryingly high amounts of salt by popular fast food chains; with 82% (134/163) of meals containing more than 1g of salt. That’s more than a child aged 4-6 years old should be eating in one sitting, with some meals containing as much salt as 10 packets of ready salted crisps.
However, the report also points out that countries can learn from the UK’s successful salt reduction programme (see below).
With over half of all meals (53%) containing more than half a days’ worth of salt for a 4-6 year old (1.5g), WASH is calling for ALL food manufacturers to universally reduce the salt content of their products, to help achieve the global maximum target of 5g salt per adult per day – with children’s meals taking priority – and saving lives!
The survey, the first of its kind looking at children’s meals sold from popular fast food chains, revealed the saltiest children’s meals around the world, highlighting, not only the excessive amounts of salt in these meals, but also the huge variation in salt contents of the same meals sold in different countries:
Table 1: Difference in highest and lowest salt content of popular children’s meals*
|Company||Popular Children’s Meal||Highest Country||Salt (g/serve)||Lowest Country||Salt (g/serve)||Difference (g/serve)|
|KFC||Popcorn Nuggets & Fries||Costa Rica||5.34||UK||0.9||4.44|
|Burger King||Hamburger & Fries||Finland||2.54||Spain (apple fries*)||0.83||1.71|
|McDonald’s||Chicken McNuggets & Fries||Turkey||2.40||UK||0.78||1.62|
*based on available meal combinations for that country
If a child in Costa Rica were to eat a KFC Popcorn Chicken meal (5.34g salt per serve) just twice a month for a year they would be eating a whopping 18 teaspoons of salt (106.56g) more than a child eating the same meal UK (0.9g salt per serve).
Table 2: Variation of salt contents of a popular children’s meal around the world – McDonald’s Chicken Nuggets & Fries
Clare Farrand, Public Health Nutritionist and International Programme Lead at WASH:
“The fact that these fast food chains are able to produce less salty children’s meals in some countries means they can do the same in ALL countries, and should immediately. All children, regardless of where they are from, should be able to enjoy the occasional meal out, as a treat, without putting their health at risk.”
Professor Graham MacGregor, Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine at Queen Mary University of London and Chairman of WASH:
“The more salt you eat as a child, the more likely you are to have serious health issues in later life.” “This caninclude high blood pressure, increased risk of stroke, heart disease, osteoporosis and kidney disease. That is why it is vitally important that children do not get used to the taste of salt.”
UK’s successful salt reduction programme
Countries can learn from the UK’s successful salt reduction programme, which has set clear targets for the food industry to achieve, to gradually reduce salt added to processed food. As this is done slowly, people do not notice the difference in taste and there is no reduction in sales. Salt intake has fallen in the UK by 15% (between 2001-2011), and thousands of strokes and heart attacks are being prevented every year.
Without targets the food industry cannot be held to account for their contribution to the escalating global problem of strokes, heart attacks and heart failure and MUST now reformulate their products as a matter of priority. More recently, targets have been set for the out of home sector in the UK – which will reduce salt intakes even further – and have the potential to save even more lives. All countries should set targets for BOTH the out of home sector, and the food industry concurrently, to save the maximum number of lives.
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